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Shop the Newest Collections of Traditional Jamdani Sarees Online
Jamdani saree is an exquisite traditional handloom weave from Bengal that is celebrated for its exquisite artistry. Jamdani light fabric with delicate patterns, its classy elegance cannot be rivalled.
Tracing the Origins of the Jamdani Silk Saree
The jamdani saree has a rich tradition. It originated in Dhaka, Bengal - one of the biggest handloom hubs of the region. The term "jamdani" is derived from Persian, combining "jam" (flower) and "dani" (vase) - an ode to the sarees signature floral patterns.
Jamdanis find a mention in Kautilya's ancient treatise Arthashastra as early as 300 BC. During the Mughal era, jamdani weaving flourished under royal patronage, reaching astonishing levels of finesse. However, British colonization led to a decline due to the influx of cheaper machine-made yarn.
Today, the jamdani survives as a legacy of Bengal's rich handloom heritage. In 2013, it received GI (Geographical Indication) status affirming its historic identity with Bengal.
Unravelling the Jamdani Saree Weaving Technique
A jamdani saree involves an intricate technique called extra weft weaving. Along with the standard weft thread going over-under the warp threads, supplementary weft threads are interlaced in between to create the motifs. This is done solely by hand in a painstaking process that demands tremendous skill and labor.
Authentic jamdanis take anywhere between 1 to 6 months to weave depending on the complexity of the design. The most common motifs are floral patterns, paisleys, medallions, foliate shapes and geometrics - all devoid of any tracing lines.
Regional Styles of Jamdani Saris in India and Bangladesh
While the intricate jamdani weaving technique remains the same, jamdani sarees vary in their distinctive patterns and designs based on their regional origins in India and Bangladesh.
Dhakai Jamdani from Bangladesh
The Dhakai jamdani is woven in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Dhaka was historically one of the largest exporters of jamdani textiles during the Mughal empire. The traditional Dhakai jamdani is made from finely woven cotton featuring vibrant colors and complex floral and nature inspired motifs. Some signature patterns include flowers, leaves, terrain elements, geometric shapes, and scenes from daily life. The pallu often depicts more dense and ornate designs. A single Dhakai jamdani saree can take over a year to weave due to the intricate detailing.
Shantipur Jamdani from West Bengal
The Shantipur jamdani hails from the Shantipur region in West Bengal. It is characterized by more minimalistic and linear designs predominantly featuring stripes, checks and geometric shapes. Flowers, vines and animal motifs may be sparsely interspersed. The borders are narrow and pallu is typically undecorated. The Shantipur jamdani has a more subtle and balanced look compared to the lavish Dhakai jamdani.
Tangail Jamdani from Bangladesh
The Tangail jamdani saree originated in the Tangail district of Bangladesh. It is distinguished by very broad, vividly embellished borders contrasting with a relatively plain body. The pallu is the focal point featuring dense floral motifs intertwining with geometric shapes and patterns like lamps, fish scales and medallions. The Tangail jamdani often incorporates hand embroidery along with the woven designs.
Dhaniakali Jamdani from West Bengal
This style represents jamdanis woven in Dhaniakhali, West Bengal. It is known for bright, contrasting colors usually with darker borders and body. The fabric has a tighter weave and textured feel compared to the airy Dhakai jamdani. Large, sparse floral motifs adorn the body while the pallu and border may have zig-zag stripes and checkered or rhomboid patterns.
Modernizing the Traditional Jamdani Silk Saree
Jamdanis have organically evolved with the times. While still rooted in tradition, today's jamdanis showcase an eclectic variety:
Fabrics: cotton, silk, tussar, kota doria
Palette: vibrant colors, color blocking, ombré/gradient dyeing
Motifs: contemporary patterns, tie-dye, batik prints, abstract art
Blending old world charm with fresh new expressions, these modern jamdanis retain their identity while appealing to contemporary sensibilities.
Styling and Accessorizing Your Jamdani Sari
The versatile jamdani gracefully straddles both ethnic and Indo-Western looks. For festive occasions, pair with traditional jewelry like gold jhumkas, kadas, rani haars. Let the jamdani be the highlight and keep other elements minimal.
Jamdanis work well through Indian summers due to the breezy fabric. For office or daywear, keep it minimal with small earrings, a watch, and sling bag.
Buy Authentic Jamdani Sarees Online at Mirraw
Reputed online ethnic stores like Mirraw provide an expansive range of authentic jamdanis saree directly from weavers. Check product images closely for the signature lightweight fabric and woven motifs. Bring home the versatile, graceful jamdani saree and make it your go-to for both festive occasions and daily wear. This heirloom weave deserves a spot in every Indian woman's wardrobe.
The Jamdani Sarees belong to the state of West Bengal and it has a rich history and heritage. These sarees have the brocade loom and are supplementary of weft technique of weaving. You will find beautiful artwork on these sarees that will reflect the culture of West Bengal.
Jamdani saree is called as Dhakai Saree because this art of weaving comes from Dhaka, Bangladesh. During the Mughal Rule, i.e. between 16th and 18th centuries, the weavers from Dhaka receive the appreciation for their work. At that time, they use to call this saree as Dhakai. Later on, the weavers from Dhaka shifted to West Bengal and Dhakai saree became quite famous here. These sarees have the muslin-like look and with proper skills, this art form gained a lot of appreciation in India.
The best way to take care of Jamdani saree is by getting it dry cleaned. You should not wash it in washing machine or hands as detergent may ruin its overall look. It is also suggested to store this saree in a cool dry place using a clean white cloth or plastic bag.
Jamdani sarees drapes beautifully and give you a smooth feeling. You can wear it in the normal way, by keeping the pallu loose on one shoulder or wear it in the Bengali style. Bengali drape is quite easy, it’s just you have to take its pallu in a different way- Drape your saree in the normal way, but leave the extra fabric for the pallu. Make pleats on it and attach it on the left shoulder. Keep its one tip and throw it over your right shoulder from the front.